5th Engineer Special Brigade was formed from Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1119th Engineer Combat Group on 12 November 1943, at Swansea, Wales. 5th ESB participated in the Invasion of Normandy (Omaha Beach) and operated Omaha Beach until 19 November 1944. On 4 January 1945, the brigade was transferred to the Seine section of Paris, where it supervised construction activities. It returned to the United States on 11 July 1945, and was inactivated at Camp Gordon Johnston, Florida, on 20 October of that year.
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